The temple of Borobudur in Indonesia is one of the gems of ancient architecture. The 9th century Javanese monument had been built to commemorate the sacred world and elements of Buddhism in one single masterpiece. It is also the greatest Buddhist temple in the world.

The mandala-shaped structure holds a number of reliefs which depict events from the life of Buddha and other memorable happenings. Among the carvings is a special astronomical relief referred to as the one with sun, moon and 7 dots - Buddha is present too as the standing figure being blessed by the heavenly bodies. But is it really our sun and moon?

Ancient star maps around the world have been found, first released by Wayne Herschel, which show the star system and world of the deities located near the 7 stars of Pleiades in virtually every culture. The records span ages and appear to speak of a star system like our sun, a sun-like star hence the sun disc on the relief and a world in crescent light associated with it near the seven. In the following, compare the depiction to its Western counterparts.


The astronomical scenes found on the ancient cylinder seals and prints of Sumer and Assyria bear a striking resemblance to the Indonesian star map. In fact, the Mesopotamian depiction of a 7 star cluster along a sun or star and its crescent world was frequently featured on numerous seals and in association with the place of the gods, possibly flesh and blood human beings who came from that area of the cosmos to Earth as the Sumerian records narrate. (source)

What stands out special is the matching depiction of a flying disc anomaly highlighted in purple in both cases. In Mesopotamia it was known as the winged disc that shone like the sun, winged to represent flight as Wayne proposed it. A craft that was often shown to carry people riding it - its shape identical to a typical disc UFO. The great connection, however, is the identical anomaly in Borobudur, known as the 'sacred parasol' in art, often shown without a handle.

The depictions also include a dangling tassel below the disc, it's present in both cultures and perhaps copies some kind of an exhaust that the locals witnessed coming from the craft.


Taking the story of sacred umbrellas one step further, close to the area of Buddhism Hindu epics explicitly deal with stories of ancient flying vehicles of the deities, sometimes called as flying palaces or chariots but the greater audience came to know them as 'Vimanas'.

One of the accounts mentions that Ravana, the legendary emperor of Sri Lanka developed a flying vehicle known as the Pushpaka Vimana. Lanka also saw great advances in sciences and knowledge during his reign. (source)

In return to the flying umbrellas of Buddhism, I believe that the flying disc (complete with a dome on the graphic above, image on the left) originally used to have no handle as it was a real flying craft in the sky but as time went by and knowledge faded, the umbrella became the symbol to represent power hence divine rulers were shown to have (multiple) fancy umbrellas above them for no particular reason. - Wayne has shown that a similar tradition developed in Ancient Egypt where the shining disc of Ra, the sun god was reduced to a mere ceremonial fan.

The picture on the right side is of the Baisha mural of the Dabaoji Palace in China. The fresco, once again, shows the saint 'blessed' by the flying umbrella or adorned palace which is clearly hovering over him with no visible handle or holder while the many little saints observe the object. Interestingly, it is as if it were cloaking itself in a cloud.


One of the puzzling unsolved pieces of the mural at Borobudur is the detail in the crescent. It seems to hold a cluster of little figures with curly hair.

All over the world many cultures saw the Pleiades as a group of 7 or so young maidens, naked pure spirits also called as 'nymphs'. The 7 maidens placed in a crescent near seven stars is, in fact, a recurring motif and appears on the famous French Apocalypse Tapestry from the 14th century as well. Additionally, old Tarot cards also have depictions of a single nymph pouring water in the company of 7 stars and a radiating star - the same ancient star map found in Borobudur. (source)

Interestingly, all the four depictions of nymphs here, including a Roman relief in the insert, features a serpentine detail of a kind - the floral ribbons below the crescent on both the tapestry and the relief of Borobudur but also the wavy waters of the Tarot lady and the long-necked dragon of the Roman nymph. I believe it all stems from the tradition of the cosmic serpent, the ultimate ancient symbol for a cosmic conduit first identified by Wayne. Old depictions of various cultures like Egyptian, Mayan and Chinese show deities 'riding' serpents or dragons between the stars.

It is possible that the nymphs originally referred to souls traveling in the cosmos without a body, perhaps visitors from the area of the sun-like star system near the Pleiades. Advanced cultures may be able to separate the soul from the body for a time, to induce real out-of-body experiences - Ancient Egyptians passionately show and speak of this forgotten knowledge of astral journeys and the mysterious Voynich manuscript depicts identical nymphs traveling in 'cosmic tubes' between the stars.

The tradition of the so-called 'Velificatio', an element found in ancient art also merges with the story. The term refers to a veil thrown over one's shoulder in a round formation. This is exactly what the nymph does on the Roman relief and the crescent of the French tapestry is an actual veil too. In my opinion this meant the act of opening the portal, the conduit we call wormhole today. The famous paintings by Michelangelo, 'The Creation of Adam' and 'The separation of land and water' housed in the Vatican also depict the deities emerging from a veiled portal.


In return to the fascinating Borobudur, one has ask if the monument was part of a real terrestrial star map too. Given the magnitude of the monument and also the star chart on the wall it would come as no surprise, especially because numerous ancient monuments were positioned so.

Wayne Herschel found that one of the most important ancient symbols used to be the 'leg of a bull' - a sacred form that originated in Egypt and stood as the ultimate symbol for the Pleiades as the 7 stars formed a peculiar shape like a leg. The star cluster is situated in Taurus, the bull so the association with the animal is not surprising. Mainstream historians still insist it used to represent the Big Dipper but Wayne found undeniable proof it had been otherwise - The article is available online on his site.

For Egyptians the bull's thigh worked as an instructional tool. They painted on their murals how one could locate the 'star of the gods' by extending a visual line to a specific distance from the pointer end of the leg shaped Pleiades. Through the many thousand years this symbolism had been adopted by various civilizations either by secret cults or trading and found its way into the layout of the most important cities where the local elite founded the settlement based on the very specific layout of the star map. (source)

The well-known Dagi Hill near Borobudur has been linked to the site for ages and it is in the shape of a pointer leg. The temple falls into the position of the sun-like star referred to as the 'Primary star' in the ancient star maps (There are 3 sun stars in the area of Pleiades marked by the Ancients). The image below shows how it looks in life:

Another interesting aspect of the layout is its similarity to that of Stonehenge which displays the same map when seen from the sky, first deciphered by Wayne. At Borobudur, two additional smaller monuments titled 'ruins' lie next to the temple placed opposite to one another and this inner part had been enclosed by a ring road including a main path leading to the temple on the right on the picture above.

Stonehenge has the very same design - the inner monument accompanied by two special stones also placed opposite to each other and the whole structure surrounded by a ring and a prominent pathway. The 'Henge is in the close vicinity of the Winterbourne Stoke Barrows which reflect the Pleiades very convincingly just like Dagi Hill does at Borobudur. (source)

Wayne proposed that the 2 stones around Stonehenge were meant to mark planets in orbit around the sun-like star, I propose the same for Borobudur.


New pieces of the puzzle come into play if one looks at the area from higher above. It's been found that Borobudur, in fact, lies in a perfect line with two smaller temples called Candi Mendut and Candi Pawon (joined by red lines). These possibly date from the same era as Borobudur and have identical style and design. (source)

Such an alignment puzzled scholars who were of the opinion that there must have been a purpose for placing the temples this way, possibly to interpret them as a single map. The two famous stars of constellation Taurus, Aldebaran and Ain fit the temples in question and their magnitude correlates with the size too. Aldebaran coincides with the greater temple of Mendut. Although these monuments are Buddhist, Java is well-known for its Hindu temples too, like Prambanan nearby, which feature cow worship with temple sections entirely dedicated to the animal. According to my research into Hinduism, the primeval cow of the Hindus from which all deities descended was a cow of the sky made of stars, constellation Taurus where the Pleiades is found - moreover the whole of Southeast Asia, especially old Indonesian cultures are known for the ancient cult of the bull or cow, including Java and Sulawesi. (source) (source)

On the map above, Pleiades and the two stars of Taurus fit the sacred layout while Borobudur falls into the position of the sun-like star. The two Taurus stars perhaps served as another way to find this single star by extending the line between Ain and Aldebaran.

A look at the further vicinity of Borobudur reveals another clue. It is 3 volcanoes in a row that seemingly 'point the way' to the sacred temple. I believe this had been the original motivation for choosing the site of the monument. The 3 naturally mirror Orion's belt which used to be the greatest pointer to the general area of Pleiades - this may sound unlikely but it is exactly at the first volcano where the 'genesis' temples of Java lie on a high plateau called Dieng Plateau which translates as the 'Abode of the gods', an appropriate name for a star map that hides the home of the star people.

Interestingly, the plateau is also known as Arjuna, the mythical archer hero of Hinduism. The name derives from the Latin word for 'bright' or 'shining'. Orion not only sounds close to Arjuna (or 'Ar-yuna') but means the same thing, 'heaven's light' and comes from the more ancient Akkad 'Uru-anna'. Another clue to reason the 3 belt stars interpretation.


Perhaps the most striking thing about Borobudur is its intricate design. It was fashioned after a mandala and portrays the Buddhist cosmos and the primeval mound of the mythical Mount Meru.

The sources describe that the structure encompasses three levels of the cosmos. The lower and middle levels make up 5+2 terraces, a total of 7 steps. Ascending further up to the highest realms these seven cosmic steps support 3 ultimate circle pedestals known as the 'Abode of the gods' (a familiar name by now). This division of the temple gives the impression that the structure holds the template of the same ancient star map. (source)

Wayne found that various star maps around the world pinpointed two other sun-like stars near the Pleiades which, together with the Primary sun star, became the Trinity of not only Christianity but many other religions. The blueprint found in the design suggests exactly this knowledge - 3 suns near 7 stars, the same star map.


If one takes a closer look at the region, will find that bull worship is quite noticeable in several places in Indonesia, for example at the Toraja people on Sulawesi or the natives on Sumba.

The Sumbanese people actually used to build precisely cut megaliths adorned with horns of a bull and left numerous relics with rich decoration. Among them we found golden horns, sometimes complete with 3 special marks, often astronomical in nature. (source - see horn frontlets) The artifacts bear a resemblance to the Egyptian tradition of placing a golden trinity sign on the sacred bull just like Christianity has the golden calf and trinity triangle associations.

In tune with the star map the worship of ancestors in the sacred cow or bull of the sky associated with 3 suns fits the star template, especially if one finds that the famous Toraja actually state they once arrived to Earth from the area near the Pleiades in star ships that they replicate as canoe-shaped hovering houses even today. (source)

Read more about the enigmatic culture on page Toraja (soon)



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